YEHOVAH’s Shekinah Glory



Hope of Israel Ministries (Ecclesia of YEHOVAH):

YEHOVAH’s Shekinah Glory

Most people have little understanding of what the Shekinah
of YEHOVAH God is, let alone realize the prophetic significance
of this manifestation of God. The Jewish rabbis coined this extra-biblical expression, and it is form of a Hebrew word that literally
means “he caused to dwell” — signifying that it was a divine visitation of the presence or dwelling of YEHOVAH God on this earth.
In order to fully understand the prophetic passages in the book
of Revelation, we need to thoroughly grasp the concept of the physical manifestations of our Creator God.

by John D. Keyser

In Revelation 21:22, the phrase “glory of God” in The Kingdom
Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures
is rendered “God’s
SH’KHINAH” in the Jewish New Testament — notice!

“I saw no temple in the city, for ADONAI [YEHOVAH], God of heaven’s
armies, is its Temple, as is the Lamb [Christ]. The city has no need for
the sun or the moon to shine on it, because GOD’S SH’KHINAH
gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb.”

This is very important. The word “Shekinah” (Sh’khinah)
was coined from verbal cognates (related words) in the Bible which describe
the “presence” of YEHOVAH God in a certain locality. The verbal cognates are
used extensively to describe the “Shekinah” appearances. The word “Shekinah”
itself is not found in the Biblical texts, but the concept clearly is. The word
most certainly is derived from “shakan,” and whoever first used the word “Shekinah”
coined it as a substantive (noun form) from the verbal forms used to describe
the “abiding, dwelling, or habitation” of the physical manifestations of YEHOVAH
God described in Exodus 24:16, 40:35 and Numbers 9:17-18 — and various other
places where “shakan” is used.

Note that the word is also used to describe the mystical “Shekinah”
presence in the Tabernacle and later in the first and second Temples. The word
“mishkan,” (mshkn), a derivation of “shakan” (shkn), is often
translated “tabernacle.” The Hebrew for tabernacle is more often simply “ohel,”
‘ohel, or tent. “Mishkan” means “dwelling place” — that is, THE “DWELLING PLACE”

The Hebrew verb “shakan” (shkn) simply means to take up
residence for a long period of time in a neighborhood. The distinction between
this word and “yashav” — which is also translated “dwell” — is as follows:
You can use the word “yashav” to mean an individual doing the dwelling WITHOUT
reference to others or to duration, while “shakan” means a PROTRACTED DWELLING
to reside and continue as a member of the community. Of course, when it refers
to YEHOVAH God, it takes on an added mysticism that is obvious from the scriptures.

When verbal forms are translated as nouns, the word sometimes means
“habitat.” Grammatically (in Hebrew), when verbal forms are translated
as nouns, they are called “substantives.” Technically, therefore, “Shekinah”
is a substantive rather than a noun.

Some people object that the word “Shekinah,” (shknh),
is not to be found in the Old Testament in its noun form, and that it describes
a concept that is not scriptural. It is also claimed that the word was coined
by Post-Biblical Rabbinic scholars. While it is admitted that the Rabbinic concept
of YEHOVAH God being some sort of hovering non-personal force is an unacceptable
extension of the meaning, the CONCEPT OF A PHYSICAL MANIFESTATION of YEHOVAH
God’s localized dwelling on this planet IS, nonetheless, scriptural.
I have chosen to use the word “Shekinah” (shknh) to name this “presence”
and to better develop a concept I will get to later on in the article. Also,
this meaning is in general use among many Christians — even though they are
generally ignorant of the origin of the word.

In the Encyclopedia Judaica the “Shekinah” is defined
as “the Divine Presence, the numinous immanence of God in the world,…a
revelation of the holy in the midst of the profane….” (Volume 14, pp.

The Encyclopedia goes on to say —

“One of the more prominent images associated with the
is that of light. Thus on the verse, ‘…the earth did shine with His glory’
(Ezekiel 43:2), the rabbis remark, ‘This is the face of the Shekhinah
(Avot diRabbi Natan [18b-19a]; see also Chullin 59b-60a). Both the angels
in heaven and the righteous in olam ha-ba (‘the world to come’) are
SUSTAINED BY THE RADIANCE OF THE SHEKINAH (Exodus Rabbah 32:4, B’rakhot 17a;
cf. Exodus 34:29-35)….

“According to Saadiah Gaon [882-942 C.E.], the
is identical with kevod ha-Shem (the glory of God”), which served
as an INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN GOD AND MAN during the prophetic experience. He
suggests that the “glory of God” is the Biblical term, and Shekhinah
the Talmudic term for the created splendor of light which ACTS AS AN INTERMEDIARY
BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, and which sometimes TAKES ON HUMAN FORM. Thus when Moses
asked to see the glory of God, HE WAS SHOWN THE SHEKHINAH, and when the prophets
in their visions saw God in HUMAN LIKENESS, what they actually saw WAS
(see Saadiah’s interpretation of
Ezekiel 1:26, I Kings 22:19, and Daniel 7:9 in Book of Beliefs and Opinions

Throughout the Bible YEHOVAH God speaks of His desire for an
intimate relationship with His people. The “Shekinah,” therefore, refers to
the presence of YEHOVAH that was — but is not now — physically manifested
in the time-space continuum. It could be seen. The presence was A VEHICLE OF
that YEHOVAH cannot actually be limited to Temples on earth because of His eternal
nature can be seen in I Kings 8:27 —

“But will God really dwell [yashav”] on earth? Even the heavens to their
utmost reaches cannot contain You, how much less this House [Temple] that
I have built!”

This omniscient, eternal presence of YEHOVAH (that Solomon recognized)
is the HEAVENLY, but not the earthly, “Shekinah.” Even though the INFINITE spiritual
— it was DISTINGUISHED from the physical even in Mosaic times. Right now the
“Shekinah” is only manifested in the infinite way, but in the near future it
will be manifested in the PHYSICAL FORM once again when IT RETURNS TO THIS EARTH
to reside in the new Temple in Jerusalem!

During the time of Moses the added PHYSICAL “Shekinah” presence
was evidence of the REAL which is omnipresent and unseen. During the Mosaic
dispensation the “Shekinah” was physically disturbing. The presence was NOT
YEHOVAH (YHVH) — it was a PHYSICAL MANIFESTATION of the actual presence of
YEHOVAH among His people. Be aware that it is to be distinguished from the “angel
of the LORD.” The “Shekinah” was first evident when the Israelites set out from
Succoth in their escape from Egypt. There it appeared as a cloudy pillar in
the day and a fiery pillar by night — note Exodus 13:20:

“They set out from Succoth, and encamped at Ethan, at the edge of the
wilderness. The LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] went before them in a PILLAR OF CLOUD
by day, to guide them along the way, and in a PILLAR OF FIRE by night,
to give them light that they might travel day and night. The PILLAR OF
CLOUD by day and the PILLAR OF FIRE by night did not depart from before
the people.”

The physical “Shekinah” was also evident at the crossing of the Red Sea

“At the morning watch, the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] looked down upon the
Egyptian army from a PILLAR OF FIRE AND CLOUD, and threw the Egyptian army
into panic. He locked the wheels of their chariots so that they moved forward
with difficulty. And the Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the Israelites,
for the LORD [YEHOVAH] is fighting for them against Egypt” (Exodus 14:24-25).

The Israelites were led by the “Shekinah” for forty years, after which
the “holy presence” of the omniscient God inhabited the Tabernacle and
the land of Israel. The “Shekinah” was not always afterwards physically
manifested — as we read in Numbers 35:34 —

“You shall not
defile the land in which you live, in which I Myself abide [‘shakan’], for I
the LORD [YEHOVAH] abide [‘shakan’] among the Israelite

When Moses and the Israelites finished erecting the Tabernacle,
the “Shekinah” of YEHOVAH God filled it:

“When Moses had finished the work, the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting,
and the PRESENCE OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH] filled the Tabernacle. Moses could
not enter the Tent of Meeting, because the cloud had settled upon it and
the PRESENCE OF THE LORD filled the Tabernacle. When the cloud lifted from
the Tabernacle, the Israelites would set out, on their various journeys;
but if the cloud did not lift, they would not set out until such time as
it did lift. For over the Tabernacle a cloud of the LORD rested by day,
and the fire would appear in it by night, in the view of all the house
of Israel throughout their journeys” (Exodus 40:33-38).

Whenever that presence was physically manifested, it was frightening to
those who experienced it:

“When Moses had
ascended the mountain, the cloud covered the mountain. The PRESENCE OF THE
LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’] abode [‘shakan’] on Mount Sinai, and the cloud hid it
for six days. On the seventh day He called to Moses from the midst of the
cloud. Now the PRESENCE OF THE LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’]
appeared in the sight of the Israelites as a consuming fire on the top of
the mountain” (Exodus 24:15-17).

Writes Fred P. Miller: “Earlier, the seventy elders had gone
up into the cloud and actually saw the “Shekinah” glory, and they were so afraid
they asked Moses never to take them again. As far as they were concerned, they
saw God! You can only imagine their hair on end and their wide-eyed appearance
as they came down from the mountain exclaiming ‘We saw God! It was terrible!'”
(Zechariah and Jewish Renewal).

A few days earlier, when the Ten Commandments were given, the
appearance of the physical presence of YEHOVAH God on Mount Sinai is described
as fire and cloud and thick darkness. The Psalms contain a description of this
event calling it a “Shekinah” presence —

“Why do you
fume with envy, you mountains of many peaks? This is the mountain [Sinai]
which God desires to dwell [‘shakan’] in; yes, the LORD [YEHOVAH] will dwell
in it forever. The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of
thousands; the LORD is among them as in Sinai, in the Holy Place. You have
ascended on high, you have led captivity captive; you have received gifts
among men, even among the rebellious, that the LORD GOD might dwell [‘shakan’] there”
(Psalm 68:16-18).

Later, as we have seen, the physical “Shekinah” presence of YEHOVAH
God took up residence in the newly completed Tabernacle and was apparent to
the whole nation of Israel.

There are a number of other occasions when the direct intervention
of YEHOVAH God was manifest in a “Shekinah” presence to Moses. At the time of
the setting up of the Tabernacle (before it was finished) YEHOVAH spoke to Moses
out of the cloud and Moses realized the “Shekinah” was a VEHICLE and NOT YEHOVAH
God. As we see in Exodus 33, Moses asked for more — to actually “see” YEHOVAH
God — and YEHOVAH allowed him to see A LARGER PORTION of His
PHYSICAL “Shekinah” presence. Notice —

“And the LORD [YEHOVAH] said to Moses,
‘I will also do this thing that
you have asked; for you have truly gained My favor and I have singled you
out by name.’ He [Moses] said, ‘Oh, let me behold Your Presence!’ [He was
speaking to Yehovah’s voice coming from the ‘Shekinah.’] And He [YEHOVAH]
answered, ‘I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim
before you the name LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH], and the grace that I grant and
the compassion that I show. But,’ He said, ‘you cannot see My face, for
men may not see Me and live.'”

After Israel entered the Promised Land, YEHOVAH’s presence was
manifested spiritually in the Tabernacle — but not often in a physical manner.
YEHOVAH’s actual presence was always accepted by the Israelites as being in
the Tabernacle (and later in the Temple), but was not always physically confirmed
by the visible “Shekinah.” However, there were occasional renewals of miraculous
appearances of the “Shekinah” — such as when the Temple of Solomon was dedicated.
There was an initial appearance in a vision when the LORD (YEHOVAH) promised
that He would “shakan” or dwell in the house that Solomon was building. Notice
I KIngs 6:11-13:

“Then the word of the LORD [YEHOVAH] came to Solomon,
‘With regard to this House [Temple] you are building — if you follow My
laws and observe My rules and faithfully keep My commandments, I will
fulfill for you the promise that I gave to your father David: I will abide
[‘shakan’] among
the children of Israel, and I will never forsake My people Israel.'”

Later, when the construction of the Temple was finished and the day of
dedication was at hand, the holy “Shekinah” manifested itself in a very
physical way —

“When the priests came out of the sanctuary — for the cloud [‘Shekinah’]
had filled the House of the LORD and the priests were not able to remain
and perform the services be cause of the cloud [‘Shekinah’], for the Presence
of the LORD filled the House of the LORD — then Solomon declared: ‘The
LORD has chosen to abide [‘shaken’] in a thick cloud: I have now built for you a
stately House, a place where You may dwell [‘shakan’] forever'”
(I Kings 8:10-13).

This same incident is recorded in II Chronicles 5:13. The “Shekinah”
would no longer be associated with the Tabernacle but was to be transferred
to the Temple. As a result, this physical manifestation was necessary to that
generation because the Law of Moses was being amended at this point and YEHOVAH
God was showing His approval of the amendment to His legal system by the manifestation
of the “Shekinah.”

Whenever YEHOVAH God makes a “forever” promise in the Bible,
there are conditions connected to it — and this case is no different. When
He said He would dwell (“shakan”) in the Temple “forever,” there were conditions
to this promise. Therefore, at the destruction of the First Temple, He did not
allow His “Shekinah” presence to stay in the Holy of Holies (inner sanctuary
of the Temple) after a certain level of corruption had taken place. What is
surprising is that He stayed in the Temple for so long! Evidently, His love
for His people is such that He endures far more than any human judge would deem
possible. Even with all the corruption that occurred during the last days of
Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin (and most of the reign of Zedekiah). Ezekiel’s vision
of the DEPARTURE OF YEHOVAH’S “SHEKINAH” from the Temple and city did not occur
until after the beginning of the final siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
and his army.

Ezekiel’s description of YEHOVAH’s “Shekinah” is more detailed
but very similar to what the 70 elders saw on Mount Sinai, as recorded in Exodus
24. Writes Fred Miller —

“Ezekiel’s description of the
‘Shekinah’ in chapter one of his prophecy is physically exciting just to
read. Imagine actually seeing it! It is described as fire enfolding itself
borne by cherubic creatures whose appearance pulsated with undulating light,
themselves borne by gyroscopic double wheels. Lightning came out of the
midst of the fire surrounded by clear sapphire where a man-like person on a
throne sat in an electric eye. If electricity is anachronistic, the word is
nonetheless ‘chashmal’ which is the modern Hebrew word for electricity. The
Septuagint has “electrum” and so does the Vulgate! Whatever ‘chashmal’ and ‘electrum’
meant to the ancients who used these words it can only be said that ‘eyn chashmal’
in Hebrew and ‘opsin electrou’ in Greek and ‘speciem electri’ found in Latin in Eze. 1:27 is not
as in the English translation. The word ‘color’ does not appear in the text”
(Zechariah and Jewish Renewal).

There are other descriptions of the nature of YEHOVAH God’s “Shekinah”
that Ezekiel saw LEAVING a then desolate Temple. The building was still standing
but no longer had YEHOVAH’s glory before it was destroyed!

The Departure and Return of the “Shekinah”

It should be noted that Ezekiel saw both the DEPARTURE of the “Shekinah”
and the RETURN in two distinct visions separated in time by a number of
years. The visions that he saw — of events that happened after his own
death — describe exactly the same “Shekinah” which he saw first in chapter
ten and then afterwards leave the Temple in chapter ten. As we shall note,
at the beginning of chapter ten the “Shekinah” was still in the Temple

“The glory of
the LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’] went up from the cherub, and stood over the
threshold of the house [Temple]; and the house was filled with the cloud,
and the court was full of the brightness of the LORD’S glory [‘Cavod YHVH’].”

However, YEHOVAH God was making preparations to REMOVE the “Shekinah”
from the Temple and then from the very city itself:

“And the cherubim lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth
in my sight; when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and
every one stood at the door of the EAST GATE of the LORD’S house; and the
glory of the God of Israel was over them above” (Ezekiel 10:19).

Then, in Ezekiel 11:23, we read of the actual DEPARTURE of YEHOVAH’s
“Shekinah” from the MOUNT OF OLIVES

“And the glory
of the LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’] went up from the midst of
the city, and stood on the mountain which is on the east side of the city
[Mount of Olives].”

From the Mount of Olives the “Shekinah” departed from this earth to later
return to the Temple that was rebuilt under Zerubbabel, but before the
arrival of Ezra and Nehemiah. The “Shekinah” remained in the Temple from
this time through the enlarging of the Temple complex by Herod, and his
subsequent improvements. This is borne out by a little known but awe-inspiring
incident that occurred when Herod tried to tap into the tremendous wealth
of King David’s tomb in order to finance his grandiose plans to rebuild
the Temple.

Writes Gary Arvidson: “So, how was Herod able to finance this and other
projects? Toward the beginning of his great work ‘all their sacred treasures
were exhausted.’ We are told in this same context that people around the
world sent an abundance of money for the Temple project. But there were
other funds to be raised. And Herod found ANOTHER SOURCE!” (In Search
of King David’s Tomb
, part 1, p. 27).

Arvidson goes on to say: “What we are going to find is that Herod tapped
David’s sepulchre as a major resource for his great works…and as a consequence
gained access to David’s sepulchre to finance and decorate his empire.
What had been amassed for the First Temple and laid aside by Solomon, was
finally used for the Second Temple period” (ibid.).

The first-century A.D. Jewish historian and priest Josephus, records
that “at this time he [Herod] opened the sepulchre by night, and went into
it, and endeavoured that it should not be known in the city, but took only
his faithful friends with him” (Antiquities 14.7.1).

Then begins the most unusual account of all. Herod was determined to
explore the multi-room structure of David’s tomb to the limits. Suddenly,
a great miracle occurred —

“However, he [Herod] had a great desire to make a more diligent search,
and to go further in, even as far as the very bodies of David and Solomon;
that went in, as the report was. So he was terribly affrightened, and went
out, and built a propitiatory monument of that fright he had been in; and
this of white stone, at the mouth of the sepulchre…” (Antiquities

The physical “Shekinah” put the fear of YEHOVAH God in Herod
and his surviving men and, frankly, “scared the hell” out of them!

YEHOVAH’s “Shekinah” remained in the Temple all through the life
and death of the Messiah and up to the year 66 A.D. — when it was seen leaving
the Temple and alighting on the Mount of Olives. Notice!

“There is also another reason why Christians in the first century were
very interested in the Mount of Olives. This is because it was believed
that the Shekinah Glory of God which supposedly dwelt inside the Holy of
Holies at the Temple left the sanctuary and went to the Mount of
Olives and hovered over that spot at the time of the Roman/Jewish War which
ended in A.D. 70. The fact that the Shekinah Glory left the old Temple
and migrated to the top of the Mount of Olives was an important event to
Eusebius [church historian and scholar A.D. 260?-340?]” (Secrets
of Golgotha
, by Ernest L. Martin. 1988: ASK Publications, Alhambra,
CA. p. 83).

In Eusebius’ book Proof of the Gospel we find this passage

“Believers in Christ congregate from all parts of the world, not as
of old time because of the glory of Jerusalem, nor that they may worship
in the ancient Temple at Jerusalem, but…that they may worship at the
Mount of Olives opposite to the city, whither the glory [the Shekinah
Glory] of the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] migrated when it left the
former city
” (Book VI, Chapter 18 (288)).

According to Eusebius the “Shekinah” Glory left the Temple and hovered
over the Mount of Olives during “the siege of Jerusalem” (66 A.D. to 70).
However, Eusebius was not the only observer who mentioned that the “Shekinah”
Glory left the Temple before the destruction of the Temple and hovered
over the Mount of Olives. A Jewish rabbi named Jonathan — who was an eyewitness
to the destruction of Jerusalem — said the “Shekinah” Glory left the Temple
and for three and a half years

“abode on the MOUNT OF OLIVES hoping that Israel would repent, but
they did not; while a Bet Kol [a supernatural voice from heaven] issued
forth announcing, Return, O backsliding children [Jer. 3:14]. Return unto
Me, and I will return unto you [Mal. 3:7], when they did not repent, it
said, I WILL RETURN TO MY PLACE [Hosea 5:15] (Midrash Rabbah, Lamentations
2:11)” (Secrets of Golgotha, by Ernest L. Martin. 84).

There was yet another writer who recorded the fact of the “Shekinah”
presence of YEHOVAH God moving from the Temple in Jerusalem just before the
war with the Romans. Josephus mentioned that in the Spring of 66 A.D. some astonishing
events took place within the Temple. He recorded three miracles associated with
YEHOVAH’s “Shekinah” and the Temple — and each one showed clearly that the
“Shekinah” was departing from the Holy of Holies. In War VI, 290
he stated “that a GREAT LIGHT shone over the altar for thirty minutes at 3 o’clock
in the morning (a week before Passover in A.D. 66) and then it DEPARTED. He
said the sacred scribes interpreted this sign as a bad omen for the Temple.
It was like the Shekinah Glory moving away from the Tabernacle in the wilderness
as a sign to disassemble the Tabernacle and transport it to another location”

Josephus goes on to say that “a few days later (during Passover itself)
the enormous brass gates of Nicanor, requiring twenty men to open and close
them, opened at midnight of their own accord (War VI, 293-295).
This was also interpreted as showing a desolation coming upon the Temple.
And then, about fifty days later, on Pentecost, the final sign was given
which definitely showed that the Shekinah Glory was departing the
Temple as the other signs indicated (ibid.):

“Moreover, at
the festival which is called Pentecost, the priests on entering the inner
court of the Temple at nightfall, as their custom was in accomplishment of
their ministrations, stated that they first became aware of a commotion and
a roar, and after that the voice of a great multitude saying ‘We are departing hence‘” (War VI, 299).

When we couple Josephus’ information with that of Rabbi Jonathan (also
an eyewitness) we can see that the “Shekinah” went directly to the Mount
of Olives and remained over the top of the mountain for 3 and 1/2 years
— from late Spring in 66 A.D to about December of 69 A.D, some eight months
before the Temple was destroyed by the Romans. It then went back to heaven
and had not returned to earth up to the time he wrote.

These miraculous events had much more significance to the early
Christians than may meet the eye today. Eusebius, as we have just seen, mentioned
the importance of this removal of the Shekinah glory. It was clearly a sign
that YEHOVAH’s physical presence had departed from the Temple on the western
hill of Jerusalem and had retreated to the MOUNT OF OLIVES on the EAST as the
new place of His divine residence. This event of the “Shekinah” glory leaving
the Temple and residing on the Mount of Olives became highly significant to
the early Christians because this is the mountain where YEHOVAH’s holy “Shekinah”
will RETURN in the near future!

Vision of the Temple That Might Have

Ezekiel, still in a vision, returned to the captives in Babylon and
later saw yet another TEMPLE — which is recorded in chapters 40-43
of his book. In his vision of this Temple, as it would have been if the House of
Israel had repented of their national sins and returned to YEHOVAH God after
they were taken into Assyrian captivity, Ezekiel saw the “Shekinah” RETURN to the
Holy of Holies. Ezekiel states that this is THE SAME “Shekinah” he saw
leave the Temple when he had the vision by the river Chebar —

“And behold, the glory [‘Shekinah’] of the God of Israel came from THE
WAY OF THE EAST [FROM THE MOUNT OF OLIVES]. His voice was like the sound
of many waters; and the earth shone with His [‘Shekinah’] glory. It was
like the appearance of the vision which I saw — like the vision which
I saw when I came to destroy the city. The visions were like the vision
which I saw by the River Chebar; and I fell on my face. And the glory of the
LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’] came into the Temple by way of the gate WHICH FACES
TOWARD THE EAST. The spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner
court; and behold, the glory of the LORD [‘Cavod YHVH’] filled the Temple.
Then I heard Him speaking to me from the Temple while a man stood beside
me. And he said to me, ‘Son of man, this is the place of My throne and
the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell [shakan] in the midst
of the children of Israel FOREVER. NO MORE shall the house of Israel defile
My holy name, they nor their kings, by their harlotry or with the carcasses
of their kings on their high places'” (Ezekiel 43:2-7).

This event, which Ezekiel experienced in vision,
was never fulfilled because of Israel’s unfaithfulness. (See our article,
Ezekiel’s Temple and Sacrifices: Will Temple Sacrifices Resume in the
) However, YEHOVAH God will return to a future
Millennial Temple constructed by the Messiah after his arrival. This event is recorded in Zechariah
2 — where YEHOVAH says:

“Sing, Jerusalem, and rejoice! For I have come to live [shakan]
among you, says the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH]. AT THAT TIME [of the end] many nations
will be converted to the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH], and they too shall be my people;
I will live [shakan] among them all. Then you will know it was the LORD
of Hosts [YEHOVAH, YHVH] who sent me to you….Be silent, all mankind before

The Golden Age to come, which Zechariah said was to follow the return
of the “Shekinah” at the end of the age, describes the city and surrounding
areas as being at peace in an age when people can grow old in a secure
environment. To those who lived in Jerusalem, in

the hearing of Zechariah,
that would seem like a miracle — so great was the desolation of the place.
But of the conditions that would follow the RETURN of the “Shekinah” to
the Temple at the end of the age, Zechariah records:

and I will dwell [shakan] in Jerusalem….Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH,
YHVH] of hosts: There shall yet be old men and women in the squares of Jerusalem,
each with a staff in hand because of their great age. And the squares of the
city shall be crowded with boys and girls playing in the squares. Thus said
the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] of Hosts: Though it will seem impossible to the remnant
of this people IN THOSE DAYS, shall it also be impossible to Me? — declares
the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] of Hosts” (Zechariah 8:4-6).

Revelation 19

Now what about the New Testament — does the New Testament record
the RETURN of YEHOVAH God’s glory or “Shekinah” to this earth and to a NEW Temple
in Jerusalem? Indeed it does, and in a passage that Christians (in their confusion)
have taken to refer to the return of the Messiah for more than 1,700 years!!
Incredible as it may seem, Satan has blinded millions over the centuries to
the TRUE identity of the Person pictured in Revelation 19 —

“Then I heard
what sounded like the roar of a huge crowd, like the sound of rushing
waters, like loud peals of thunder, saying, ‘Halleluyah! ADONAI
I saw heaven opened, and there before me was a white horse. Sitting on
it was the one called FAITHFUL AND TRUE, and it is in righteousness that
he passes judgment and goes to battle. His eyes were like a fiery flame,
and on his head were MANY ROYAL CROWNS. And he had a name written which
no one knew but himself. He was wearing a robe that had been soaked in
blood, and the name by which he is called is, ‘THE WORD OF GOD.’ The ARMIES
OF HEAVEN, clothed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on
white horses. And out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike
down nations — ‘He will rule them with a staff of iron.’ It is he who
treads the winepress from which flows the wine of the furious rage of ADONAI
[YEHOVAH, YHVH], GOD OF HEAVEN’S ARMIES. And on his robe and on his thigh
he has a name written: ‘KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS'” (Verses 6,
11-16, Jewish New Testament).

YEHOVAH God the Father’s future universal role on earth in the
form of the physical “Shekinah” presence is a major theme of the Old Testament.
Verse 6 above inaugurates YEHOVAH God the Father’s Kingly reign on earth —
although its establishment requires several stages: first is the RETURN OF THE
MESSIAH (YESHUA) in Revelation 14:14, the wedding feast of the Lamb (Yeshua)
in Revelation 19:7-9, climaxed by the RETURN OF YEHOVAH’S SHEKINAH PRESENCE
(Revelation 19:11-15); then Satan must be chained (Revelation 20:1-3, 7-10),
judgment must take place (Revelation 20:11-15), and only then does the Messiah
actually rule as king and priest to his Father who resides in the new Third
Temple in the form of the “Shekinah” presence.

In order for the wedding feast of the Lamb (Yeshua the Messiah)
to take place, the Messiah must FIRST return to this earth — NOT afterwards
as would be the case if Revelation 19 referred to the Messiah’s return!

In Titus 2:13 we are encouraged “to expect the blessed fulfillment
AND the appearing of our Deliverer, Yeshua the Messiah” (Jewish
New Testament
). Verses 11-16 of Revelation 19 describe this eagerly
awaited (by the early Christians) “Second Coming” of God’s (YEHOVAH’s) holy
“Shekinah” — NOT the Second Coming of the Messiah as millions have blindly

The phrase “Faithful and True” in verse 11 has been correctly
capitalized in all the translations I have seen, and denotes the ULTIMATE in
faithfulness and truth — which, of course, is YEHOVAH (YHVH) the Father. In
Jeremiah 10:10 we read: “But the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] is the true God [more
correctly, “God of truth” — Elohim emet]; He is the living God and the
everlasting King. At His wrath the earth will tremble, and the nations will
not be able to abide His indignation.” The “God of truth” in the above verse
is not primarily the God who reveals eternal verities, but the God who can be
trusted to keep His covenant. The RETURN of the “Shekinah” Glory will be the
faithful REAPPEARANCE of Him who has already appeared among men — this time
He comes to bring the covenant promises to their final and full consummation.

In verses 12-13 of Revelation 19 we read — “His eyes were like a fiery
flame, and on his head were MANY ROYAL CROWNS. And he had a name written
which no one knew but himself. He was wearing a robe that had been soaked
in blood, and the name by which he is called is, ‘THE WORD OF GOD.'”

The phrase “The Word of God” is thought by many to refer to Yeshua
the Messiah — and they try to link this phrase to the “logos” of John 1:1.
However, there is absolutely NO justification for doing this. In fact, NOWHERE
in the Bible does this phrase refer to Yeshua the Messiah! In most cases in
the New Testament, “the word of God” refers to the message or words revealed
through the writings of the Old Testament or Torah. However, and note this,
there are a few passages in the Bible that indicate a DIRECT communication from
YEHOVAH, through the “Shekinah,” took place. Notice I Kings 12:22 —

“But THE WORD OF GOD came to Shemaiah, the man of God:
‘Say to King Rehoboam son of Solomon of Judah, and to all the House of Judah and Benjamin
and the rest of the people: Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH]: You shall
not set out to make war on your kinsmen the Israelites. Let every man return
to his home, for this thing has been brought about by Me.’ They heeded
THE WORD OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH] and turned back, in accordance with THE

Here “the word of God” is clearly identified with “the word of the LORD
[YEHOVAH],” showing that “the word of God” is the SAME as “the word of
the LORD” — and is certainly indicated to be the “Shekinah” of the LORD
[YEHOVAH] communicating with Shemaiah.

Similarly, in I Chronicles 17, we read: “But that same night
THE WORD OF GOD came to Nathan: ‘Go and say to My servant David: Thus said the
LORD [YEHOVAH], YHVH]: You are not the one to build a house [Temple] for Me
to dwell [shakan] in” (verses 3-4).

Once again, we find here that the phrase “THE WORD OF GOD” is
associated with YEHOVAH and indicates that He is communicating to Nathan the
prophet by means of His holy “Shekinah.” In the New Testament we read where
“the word of God” came to John the Baptist —

“Annas and Caiaphas being high priests, THE WORD OF GOD came to John
the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. And he went into all the region
around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission
of sins, as is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet,

    ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness:

    ‘Prepare the way of the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH],

    Make His paths straight.'”

Here we see that John the Baptist receives a direct communication
from YEHOVAH God which tells him to “prepare the way of the LORD [YEHOVAH] —
thus linking the “word of God” with the One called YEHOVAH or YHVH.

In Revelation 19:13 the phrase “The Word of God” is capitalized
in the original Greek, thereby indicating the Rider of the white horse to be
the physical “Shekinah” representation of YEHOVAH God — a component of the
same “force” that directly communicated with Shemaiah, Nathan and John the Baptist.

In the first verses of the gospel of John in the New Testament
we can find confirmation that the “Word of God” is, in fact, the Shekinah Glory
of YEHOVAH God. Since the publication of the King James Version of the Bible
in 1611 this, and almost all versions that have stemmed from it, have attached
the masculine gender to the Greek concept of the “Logos” to explain
the presence of the Shekinah Glory at the Creation. Unfortunately, due to this
gender change, and the modern Christian’s lack of understanding
of the Logos concept in the environment of 1st. century Greek philosophy, most
have blindly taken the “Word” to mean a pre-existence of Yeshua the Messiah!
Nothing could be further from the truth!

Any one of the eight English translations of the Bible prior
to 1611 (the Tyndale Bible (1535), the Matthew Bible
(1535), the Taverner Bible (1539), the Great (Cranmer’s)
(1539), the Whittingham Bible (1557), the Geneva
(1560) and Bishop’s Bible (1568)) assign no gender
to the “Word” and simply call it “it,” such as in John 1:3: “By IT
all things were made. Without IT nothing was made.” The
Coverdale Bible (1550) has “THE SAME” rather than “it.” This seems
like a strange way of referring to Yeshua the Messiah!

This is further reinforced by the Aramaic version of the
Bible — where the first verses of the gospel of John leave little doubt
that the “Word” refers to YEHOVAH God’s Shekinah Glory. Notice!

Verse 1: In the beginning [of creation] there was the
was [the embodiment of] that MANIFESTATION.

Verse 2: This [the MANIFESTATION] was in the beginning
with God [YEHOVAH].

Verse 3: Everything was within his [more correctly, IT’S]
power, [otherwise] nothing would ever exist.

Verse 4: Through him [it, the MANIFESTATION] was life
and life became the spark of humanity.

Verse 5: And that [ensuing] fire [the MANIFESTATION] lights
the darkness and darkness does not overshadow it [the MANIFESTATION].

This article has shown that the Shekinah Glory was the manifestation
of YEHOVAH God the Father. If we replace the word “Manifestation” with
the words “Shekinah Glory” in these verses of John, then we clearly see
that “The Word of God” in Revelation 19:13 is none other than YEHOVAH’S
Shekinah Glory!

Verse 1: In the beginning [of creation] there was the
SHEKINAH GLORY; and that SHEKINAH GLORY was with God [YEHOVAH]; and God
[YEHOVAH] was [the embodiment of] that SHEKINAH GLORY.

Verse 2: This [the SHEKINAH GLORY] was in the beginning
with God [YEHOVAH].

Verse 3: Everything was within his [the SHEKINAH GLORY’S]
power, [otherwise] nothing would ever exist.

Verse 4: Through him [it, the SHEKINAH GLORY] was life
and life became the spark of humanity.

Verse 5: And that [ensuing] fire [the SHEKINAH GLORY]
lights the darkness and darkness does not overshadow it [the SHEKINAH GLORY].

Of course, this is not to say that the translation of the book
of John in the King James Version — and all those that are based on it — are
wrong. It just means that we don’t understand the idiom of John’s day
and we get all confused with the Greek concept of the Logos that John
uses to get his point across. John nowhere indicates that this “Word” or “Logos”
is anything else but the Shekinah Glory of Yehovah God.

Finally, in Revelation 1:2, “the Word of God” is clearly separated from Yeshua
the Messiah — notice!

“This is the revelation which God gave to Yeshua the Messiah, so that
he could show his servants what must happen very soon. He communicated
it by sending his angel to his servant Yochanan [John], who bore witness
to THE WORD OF GOD AND to the testimony of Yeshua the Messiah….”

The next verse, verse 14 of Revelation 19, states that “the ARMIES
OF HEAVEN, clothed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him [Adonai,
YEHOVAH (see verse 6)] on white horses.” Throughout the New Testament the “armies
of heaven” are ALWAYS associated with, and are commanded by, ADONAI — who,
according to the plain words of the apostle James is THE FATHER! “With it [the
tongue] we bless ADONAI, THE FATHER; and with it we curse people, who were made
in the image of God” (James 3:9) — Jewish New Testament). Further,
in Ephesians 1:3, this is echoed when Paul says — “Praised be ADONAI, FATHER

In Revelation 1:8 we find written: “I am the ‘A’ and the ‘Z,'”
says ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], God of HEAVEN’S ARMIES, the One [ADONAI] who is,
who was AND WHO IS COMING.” Again, in Revelation 4:8: “Holy, holy, holy
is ADONAI, GOD OF HEAVEN’S ARMIES, the One who was, who is and who IS COMING.”
Also, in Revelation 11:16 — “We thank you, ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], GOD OF HEAVEN’S
ARMIES, the One who is and was, that you have taken your power [in the form

I don’t wish to seem redundant, but the One on the white horse
leading the armies of heaven to this earth is YEHOVAH THE FATHER in His “Shekinah
form — NOT Yeshua the Messiah!

Moving now to verse 16 of Revelation 19, we read — “And on his
robe and on his thigh he has a name written: ‘KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.'”
These titles denote the ultimate in praise that can be bestowed and,
therefore, must be titles of YEHOVAH God the Father. Throughout the New Testament
the Messiah indicates that the Father was far GREATER than he — see John 14:28
for example. Also, if we examine the original Greek for “King of kings and Lord
of lords” we will quickly discover that the first “King” and the first “Lord”
in this title both start with upper case letters — showing Him to be
the ULTIMATE “King” of all kings and the ULTIMATE “Lord” of all lords. Some
argue that the Lamb (the Messiah) depicted in Revelation 17:14 also has these
titles and must, as a result, be the Rider of the horse represented in Revelation
19. But, once again, if we closely examine the original Greek we will first
of all find that the title is REVERSED from that in Revelation 19 and reads
instead “lord of lords and king of kings.” Then we will notice that the first
“lord” and the first “king” of the title are lower case in the Greek
— showing that the Messiah was (as pictured here in Revelation 17:14) NOT
the ultimate “lord of lords” or the ultimate “king of kings.” He is a LOWER
“lord of lords” and “king of kings,” which entirely agrees with Yeshua’s statement
that his Father was greater than he.

The title in Revelation 19:16 expresses YEHOVAH (YHVH) THE FATHER’S
rulership over all creation and all the kings and lords therein. It is
equivalent to the phrase “King of kings of kings” which the Jewish Siddur
(prayer book) applies to YHVH in this song which introduces the Sabbath
in many Jewish homes —

“Welcome, ministering angels,
messengers from the Most High, from the King of kings of
kings, the HOLY ONE, blessed be he. Come in peace….bless me
with peace,…go in peace….” (Jewish New Testament Commentary,
p. 840).

When we add all these proofs up, the clear and astounding TRUTH
is that Revelation 19 pictures the glorious RETURN OF YEHOVAH GOD’S “SHEKINAH”
PRESENCE to this earth to rule, with the Messiah directly under Him, from the
new Third Temple in Jerusalem. May YEHOVAH God hasten that day!

So, what of the return of Yeshua the Messiah? If Revelation 19
depicts the “Shekinah” return to this earth, do the Scriptures elsewhere record
the future event of the Messiah’s Second Coming? They surely do — in Revelation
10:1-7. Notice!

“Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. HE
WAS DRESSED IN A CLOUD, with a RAINBOW over his head; his face was LIKE THE
SUN, his legs like columns of fire; and he had a little scroll lying open
in his hand. He planted his right foot ON THE SEA and his left foot ON THE
LAND, and shouted in a voice as loud as THE ROAR OF A LION; and when he shouted,
seven thunderclaps sounded with voices that spoke. When the seven thunders
spoke, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say,

    ‘Seal up the things the seven thunders said,
    do not write them down!’

Then the angel I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted
his right hand toward heaven and swore by the One who lives forever and ever,
who created heaven and what is in it, earth and what is in it, and the sea
and what is in it: THERE WILL BE NO MORE DELAY; on the contrary, in the days
of the sound from the seventh angel when he sounds his shofar [trumpet], THE
it to his servants the prophets.”

This passage pictures the return of the Messiah — NOT Revelation
19! The book of Acts in the New Testament verifies this, if we care to read
it carefully:

“And after he [the
Messiah] said these things, while they [the apostles]
were looking on, he was lifted up and A CLOUD CAUGHT HIM UP FROM THEIR
VISION. And as they were gazing into the sky while he was on his way, also,
look! two men in white garments stood alongside them, and they said: ‘Men
of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the sky? This Jesus who was received
BEHELD HIM GOING INTO THE SKY'” (The Kingdom Interlinear Translation
of the Greek Scriptures

Now HOW did the Messiah go up into the sky? Was he on a white
horse? No! Did he have the armies of heaven with him? No! Was his robe soaked
in blood and was he wearing MANY crowns? No! The simple truth is that “a cloud
caught him up from their [the Apostles] vision” as he was lifted up into the
sky, and Revelation 14:14 shows him RETURNING THE EXACT SAME WAY with one difference
— this time he is wearing the crown of rulership and bringing the saints with

Daniel 7:13 records the Messiah receiving this crown of rulership
— notice:

“I was watching in the night visions, and behold, One like the
Son of Man [Yeshua the Messiah], coming WITH THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN! He came
to the Ancient of Days [YEHOVAH, YHVH], and they brought Him near before Him.
Then to Him [the Messiah] was given DOMINION AND GLORY AND A
KINGDOM, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion
is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the
one which shall not be destroyed.”

For centuries Christians — and even the Churches of YEHOVAH
God — have been thoroughly confused over these two events and placed their
hope and expectations and yearnings on the return of Yeshua the Messiah while
relegating YEHOVAH (YHVH) and His return to the dust bin! While the return of
Yeshua the Messiah is not to be minimized — the FAR GREATER,
earthshaking, awesome mind-reeling event is that of the “SHEKINAH” GLORY OF
YEHOVAH GOD RETURNING TO THIS EARTH to reside and rule from the Temple in Jerusalem!
THIS is the event pictured in Revelation 19! All the prophets
of the Old Testament clearly predicted a visible, awesome, literal manifestation
of the “Shekinah” Glory of YEHOVAH once again — this we see in Revelation 19.
For more exciting information regarding the return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah,
read our article The Return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah!

Much too often Christians have allowed themselves to hastily
read through the texts, all the while ASSUMING that when the prophets write
of YEHOVAH Himself acting in decisive ways, they actually refer to His Messiah.
How often have you heard preachers and ministers say that “when Jesus returns,
his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives.” Unfortunately, this is CARELESS
AND UNSCHOLARLY exegesis. As you can plainly see, after reading all the texts
I have laid out, the prophets ALWAYS maintain a CLEAR DISTINCTION between the
DRAMATIC APPEARANCE of the LORD God (YHVH) in Revelation 19 and the coming of
the Messiah in Revelation 10:1-7, and His subsequent rule UNDER YEHOVAH God.

The prophets understood this dramatic, personal intervention
of YEHOVAH in history as a RETURN or “Second Coming.” We read in Haggai that
YEHOVAH God declares: “ONCE MORE in a little while, I am going to shake the
heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land” (2:6). Isaiah clearly
yearns for this time to arrive:

“Oh, that You would rend the heavens and COME DOWN, that the mountains
might quake at Your [‘Shekinah’] PRESENCE — as fire kindles the brushwood,
as fire causes water to boil — to make Your name known to Thine adversaries,
that the nations may tremble at Your Presence! When You did awesome things
which we did not expect, YOU DID COME DOWN, the mountains quaked at Thy
[‘Shekinah’] presence. For from of old they have not heard nor perceived
by ear, neither has the eye seen a God besides You, who acts in behalf
of the one WHO WAITS FOR HIM” (Isaiah 64:1-4).

Also, in Isaiah 24, the prophet proclaims —

“Behold, YEHOVAH lays the earth waste, devastates it, distorts
its surface, and scatters its inhabitants…They raise their voices, they
shout for joy. They cry out from the west concerning the majesty of YEHOVAH.
Therefore glorify YEHOVAH in the east, the name of YEHOVAH, the God of Israel
in the coastlands of the sea…So it will happen IN THAT DAY, that YEHOVAH
will punish the host of heaven, on high, and the kings of the earth, ON EARTH…Then
the moon will be abashed and the sun ashamed, FOR YEHOVAH OF HOSTS WILL REIGN
ON MOUNT ZION AND IN JERUSALEM, and His glory [‘Shekinah’ presence] will be
to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; and the earth
will reveal her bloodshed, and will no longer cover her slain” (Isaiah 24, selected

The prophets were thinking back to the time of Moses and the
unprecedented events at Mount Sinai, when YEHOVAH God dramatically judged the
nation of Egypt and freed the Israelites from slavery. There, at Mt. Sinai,
all Israel experienced the awesome, visible, dramatic, manifestation of the
Presence (literally, “face”) and GLORY OF YEHOVAH. Explains James Tabor, “The
Torah is most explicit regarding this unprecedented experience. Nothing like
this had ever happened before, or has happened since. YEHOVAH Himself appeared
to the people in a fiery cloud-like pillar; they actually heard His voice and
saw His Glory (Exodus 19:18-19; 20:18-21; 40:34-38; Numbers 14:14). The very
purpose of the Tabernacle (literally, “dwelling place”) was to provide a locus
for this extraordinary manifestation of YEHOVAH” (The LORD (YHVH) God
and His Messiah

We have seen Ezekiel report that this Presence (“Glory”) of YEHOVAH
departed shortly before the Exile. Ezekiel understood this in the most
LITERAL way — actually describing the cloud-like “Shekinah” moving through
the Eastern Gate of Jerusalem, up the Mount of Olives, and away (Ezekiel 10:18-19;
11:22-23). In Deuteronomy 31:17 this “departure” is called the “hiding of the
Face of YEHOVAH.” To fully understand this teaching of Scripture, I have endeavored
to show the DISTINCTION between the general presence of YEHOVAH God (which is
always with His creation) and this VERY SPECIFIC, literal, awesome, visible,
manifestation of the Divine Glory or “Shekinah.”

In that sense YEHOVAH God departed from this planet, and
in that sense all the prophets (including John) tell of His return. In
other words, they clearly point to and predict a visible, earthshaking, LITERAL,
manifestation of the holy “Shekinah” (Glory of YEHOVAH) once again. For the
righteous this will bring great rejoicing, but for all the wicked this will
cause terror and the fear of judgment.

I have also tried to point out that the Scriptures show a definite focus
on the EAST. On the EAST side of Jerusalem is the EASTERN gate of the Temple
Mount, and EAST of that gate — the Mount of Olives. From this sacred area
the holy “Shekinah” (Glory of YEHOVAH) departed, and it is HERE that it
will return. This clearly connects to the passage in Zechariah that predicts
“on that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives” (14:4).

This area — EAST from the Temple Mount and including the Mount of Olives
— is evidently the El Bethel (not the northern town of Bethel) where the
patriarch Jacob had his vision of the ladder going up to heaven. He identified
this place as awesome and sacred, and none other than the portal or “gate
of heaven.” Evidently Jacob was lying on the Temple Mount area and facing
EAST, looking in his dream at the summit of the Mount of Olives (Genesis
28:17; 35:5-8).

YEHOVAH God the Father Himself will return to Zion in His Shekinah
glory — acting personally and directly to punish the wicked and rule as King
over all nations. This is the day pictured in Revelation 19 — that we should
be waiting for with increasing expectations and excitement. Let’s retrieve YEHOVAH
GOD from the dust bin and give Him His rightful place in the scheme of things,
as well as the greater praise and adoration that is His due — not forgetting
to stay awake for the earlier return of His Son and Servant Yeshua the Messiah.


Hope of Israel Ministries — Preparing the Way
for the Return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah!


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